Obesity and Joint Health: Impact on Musculoskeletal System

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Increased Load on Joints: Excess body weight in obesity increases the load on weight-bearing joints, such as the knees and hips, contributing to wear and tear on joint tissues.

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Osteoarthritis Risk: Obesity is a major risk factor for osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage and joint pain, particularly in the knees and hips.

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Inflammatory Factors: Obesity is associated with systemic inflammation, which can exacerbate joint inflammation and contribute to the progression of osteoarthritis.

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Joint Deformation: Excessive weight can lead to joint deformation, altering the alignment of bones and contributing to joint instability and pain.

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Impact on Mobility: Obesity can impair joint function and mobility, making it more challenging for individuals to engage in physical activities and exercise that are crucial for joint health.

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Cartilage Degradation: The inflammatory environment associated with obesity may contribute to the degradation of articular cartilage, a key component of joint health.

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Gout Risk: Obesity is linked to an increased risk of gout, a form of arthritis caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in joints, leading to pain and inflammation.

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Reduced Synovial Fluid Quality: Obesity may reduce the quality of synovial fluid, the lubricating fluid within joints, potentially contributing to increased friction and joint discomfort.

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